India should pause and act

François Gautier

Source: Expressbuzz
First Published : 30 Jan 2009 02:01:00 AM IST
Last Updated : 30 Jan 2009 08:45:50 AM IST

How many of us remember the young Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam cadres in the mid-Eighties, when they walked freely in the streets of what was known as Madras: young, nice Tamils, who looked more like students than militants? There is no doubt that over the years the LTTE has become a deadly terrorist outfit, eliminating in cold blood anyone it felt was in the way of its aspirations, including other Sri Lankan Tamil leaders.

The assassination of Rajiv Gandhi was symbolic of that ruthlessness: he was murdered on the assumption that he would then follow an anti- LTTE policy once back in power after the experience of the IPKF.

Today the Tamils of Sri Lanka are paying a heavy price for the assassination: they are losing the war with the Sri Lankan army, mostly because the Congress of Sonia Gandhi, who has never forgiven them for her husband’s murder, is backing the Sinhalese leadership.

But before the LTTE is wiped out, India would do well to think whether it would serve its geopolitical purposes to have a triumphant Sinhala neighbour. For this, one has to first look at the history of Sri Lanka.

There seems little doubt that a few thousand years ago, India and Sri Lanka were linked by a small strip of land, which can still be seen today from the air: Adam’s Bridge, or Ram Setu. This is how the first Tamils, those who settled in the North, came to Sri Lanka. One has to go back a long time to understand what factors shaped the psyche of the island’s two communities. The decisive factor bears the names of two of the world’s greatest religions: Buddhism and Hinduism.

The first is a gentle, peaceful creed that teaches non-violence and brotherhood, even to enemies. Unfortunately, Ceylon, the “isle of beauty”, has always been a tempting prey for sea-faring invaders.

Successive colonisers, from Arabs to Africans, from Portuguese to Dutch and finally, British, preyed on the tiny, defenceless island.

In the name of Buddhism and because the Sinhalese are by nature a fun-loving people, not only did they hardly resist these invasions, but often their women mingled freely with the invaders. The result can be seen today in the faces of many Sinhalese women folk, with their kinky hair or Arabic features.

As a result, the Sinhalese slowly lost their sense of identity, their feeling of collective being, to the point that when the British came, they collaborated wholeheartedly and had to be handed back their independence on a platter, for want of a real freedom movement.

Today, democracy and western institutions are just a cloak that the Sinhalese wear. Lurking underneath is a sense of hopelessness and a terrible violence. Its politicians have been among the least farsighted of the entire subcontinent: nothing is made in Sri Lanka. Only tea, tourism and Western grants help it survive. On the other hand Hinduism, with its strict caste hierarchy, protected the Tamils from mingling with their invaders. They preserved their identity and culture. The Sinhalese live an easier life in the South, always more fertile than the arid North. As a result, Tamils are often better at studies and more hard working, (although one should not generalise). The British noticed it and often gave Tamils preference for jobs and university grants, angering the Sinhalese, who after all were the majority community.

It is this deep-rooted resentment that is in greater part the cause of the present troubles. When the British left, the Sinhalese quickly moved to correct what they saw as an imbalance, depriving Tamils of most of the rights they had acquired under the British and proceeded to establish a Sinhalese-dominated Ceylon. Every time a Sinhalese politician tried to give the Tamils their just share of power, he was forced to backtrack for fear of Sinhalese resentment.

For years, Tamils bore the brunt of Sinhalese persecution. But one day, too much became too much and Tamil armed groups started springing up to defend their people. To cut short a long story, the LTTE finally emerged as the most ruthless and sole militant organisation.

Yet, in 1988, Rajiv stepped in to mediate between the warring Sinhalese and Tamils. All kinds of insulting epithets have been used to describe the Jayewardene-Rajiv Gandhi peace plan and the IPKF’s role in Sri Lanka, but these are unfair.

The plan was the best that could be done in the circumstances, and the IPKF did not come to conquer, but to help. All the same, India got bogged down in a guerrilla war, with one hand tied behind the back to avoid killing civilians. Ultimately, it had to leave because of pressure at home and Premadasa’s intense dislike of Indians.

Today Tamils are on the verge of being completely overrun. And this raises the question of India’s security.

What will be the consequences of a triumphant Sinhalese majority? Are not Sri Lankan Tamils closer to Indians, culturally, socially and spiritually, than the Sinhalese? Will Sri Lanka, like Bangladesh before it, turn on India once it has achieved, with India’s help, its goals? The Government of India should think twice and remember Rama and Ravana before it allows the Sri Lankan army totally to subdue the north.

fgautier@rediffmail.com

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4 responses to “India should pause and act

  1. Tamils are great hard-workers. They need to be defended in spite of LTTE. Hope India and Srilanka jointly make a mechanism to take care of the Tamils.

  2. Thought provoking.
    I have heard that Indians are not popular on the sub-continent as a whole.

    That said, terrorism targets civilians. I can never believe in ‘just terrorism’. It is hard enough to believe in a ‘just war’.

    It would have been nice if we had been one country, but in the one country that we are, we want more and more states.

    India believed that Bangladesh was right to want freedom. India believes that terrorism is wrong. So we supported Bangladesh then and will support Sri Lanka now.
    This is issue based.

    Then we have to work out a way by which all people are safe in all countries. Hopefully through treaties and non-violent methods. This has nothing to do either with Ravana or with Vibhishana. They were half Indian.

  3. Well written… 🙂

  4. I am a north Indian, I dont speak the same language as a south Indian, Something like 50% of my traditions and rituals are the same as that of a south Indian or an east Indian or a west Indian. The language I speak is closer to the Pakistanis then to most of my own Countrymen. The language that my state is propogating (Highly Sanskritised Hindi) is something I find difficult to use (Adult ADHD being one of the reasons) . I am an animal of the present.

    Inspite of all these limitations I still feel a lot lot more for the Madrasi Bro or the Assamese then for the Pakistanis or anybody else. This is the strength of India, that people who cannot speak to each other and with low probability of Inter marriages still see their strength in the stranger friend. Even in History Sringeri Math had helped the Sankara Math in my native Uttrakhand to retain its roots in difficult times.

    Situation is the with a Bengali, Tamil, Gujrati when they would relate to me.

    This is the case because India is the part of subcontinent that decided it was wiser to stick together instead of lying apart disparate and disjoint.

    Parts of the subcontinent that did not join in the party will always feel left out. They will have to choose whether to mend fences with India or to live in fear. The part of the subcontinent that decided to strengthen each other are doing well. Parts that have decided to delude themselves with fear are going to keep their intellect clouded.

    As some Gyani said:
    Kaun kis ka khanda hai, dana pani chak ke landa hai.
    Nobody owns nothing and nobody owes nothing to anybody, the destiny of the food will decide which belly it ends up in (read migrations/alliances).

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